在Ubuntu系统下安装sar出错,信息为:Please check if data collecting is enabled in /etc/default/sysstat


1、安装sysstat

apt-get install sysstat


2、安装后无法使用:

Cannot open /var/log/sysstat/sa02: No such file or directory
Please check if data collecting is enabled in /etc/default/sysstat


3、修改配置文件:vi /etc/default/sysstat

将False改为True

----
# Should sadc collect system activity informations? Valid values
# are "true" and "false". Please do not put other values, they
# will be overwritten by debconf!
ENABLED="true"
----


4、重启sysstat服务即可

service sysstat restart

=== 請用範例 === 

For disk I/O trending there are a few options. My personal favorite is the sar command from sysstat. By default, it gives output like this:

09:25:01 AM     CPU     %user     %nice   %system   %iowait    %steal     %idle
09:35:01 AM     all      0.11      0.00      0.01      0.00      0.00     99.88
09:45:01 AM     all      0.12      0.00      0.01      0.00      0.00     99.86
09:55:01 AM     all      0.09      0.00      0.01      0.00      0.00     99.90
10:05:01 AM     all      0.10      0.00      0.01      0.02      0.01     99.86
Average:        all      0.19      0.00      0.02      0.00      0.01     99.78

The %iowait is the time spent waiting on I/O. Using the Debian package, you must enable the stat collector via the /etc/default/sysstat config file after package installation.

To see current utilization broken out by device, you can use the iostat command, also from the sysstat package:

$ iostat -x 1
Linux 3.5.2-x86_64-linode26 (linode)    11/08/2012      _x86_64_        (4 CPU)

avg-cpu:  %user   %nice %system %iowait  %steal   %idle
           0.84    0.00    0.08    1.22    0.07   97.80

Device:         rrqm/s   wrqm/s     r/s     w/s   rsec/s   wsec/s avgrq-sz avgqu-sz   await  svctm  %util
xvda              0.09     1.02    2.58    0.49   112.79    12.11    40.74     0.15   48.56   3.88   1.19
xvdb              1.39     0.43    4.03    1.82    43.33    18.43    10.56     0.66  112.73   1.93   1.13

Some other options that can show disk usage in trending graphs is munin and cacti.

本文取自 http://www.linuxdiyf.com/linux/17933


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